Difference between revisions of "Diet"

From Aging Chart
Jump to: navigation, search
(Autoloading by CXLParser)
(Autoloading by CXLParser)
 
Line 459: Line 459:
 
(.//.)<html><!--Pop-up for: Selenium !Pop-up-->
 
(.//.)<html><!--Pop-up for: Selenium !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HP3NL5JF-1PQYSC2-8LV" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HP3NL5JF-1PQYSC2-8LV" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 470: Line 471:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Ectopic Gene expression !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Ectopic Gene expression !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HP3LBQRM-20J4JGD-4N5" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HP3LBQRM-20J4JGD-4N5" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 481: Line 483:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Lipids !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Lipids !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXHGL1W-F0CCSV-1FG" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXHGL1W-F0CCSV-1FG" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 492: Line 495:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Hormesis !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Hormesis !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXJT0NT-ZDNTFL-2PC" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXJT0NT-ZDNTFL-2PC" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 503: Line 507:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Micronutrients !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Micronutrients !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNZXQQBT-PTCS8F-1YR" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNZXQQBT-PTCS8F-1YR" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 514: Line 519:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: PI3K and AKT !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: PI3K and AKT !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXKWNS1-24S7D79-44C" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXKWNS1-24S7D79-44C" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 525: Line 531:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Smell & Taste !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Smell & Taste !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXHCK5F-13YR0BT-1BM" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXHCK5F-13YR0BT-1BM" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 536: Line 543:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: CNS !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: CNS !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HR7XFXLD-1K3SZ05-1S6" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HR7XFXLD-1K3SZ05-1S6" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 547: Line 555:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Insulin/IGF-1 !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Insulin/IGF-1 !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXHNF5B-1ZRVH3R-1HC" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXHNF5B-1ZRVH3R-1HC" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 558: Line 567:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Mutagenic compounds (fungus hydrazines, nitrosamines) !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Mutagenic compounds (fungus hydrazines, nitrosamines) !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNZWDGJJ-19SX80Y-1CF" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNZWDGJJ-19SX80Y-1CF" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 569: Line 579:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Curcumin,  Resveratrol !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Curcumin,  Resveratrol !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HP3NXV7D-WPVDQB-9FX" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HP3NXV7D-WPVDQB-9FX" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 580: Line 591:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: NAD+ !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: NAD+ !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXGQT1Y-2290RJ-WH" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXGQT1Y-2290RJ-WH" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 591: Line 603:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Kidney Pathologies !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Kidney Pathologies !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1N9CSRZLB-13XWJJ7-1284" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1N9CSRZLB-13XWJJ7-1284" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 602: Line 615:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Harmful components !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Harmful components !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNZWBGH6-LLD65G-135" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNZWBGH6-LLD65G-135" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 613: Line 627:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Obesity !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Obesity !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNZY8KF4-V5HMRR-32Z" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNZY8KF4-V5HMRR-32Z" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 624: Line 639:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Macronutrients !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Macronutrients !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNZXSPDX-214JYDV-21R" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNZXSPDX-214JYDV-21R" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 635: Line 651:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Aging !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Aging !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HP3N9BY1-X9FRH1-836" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HP3N9BY1-X9FRH1-836" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 646: Line 663:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Stress response Gene expression !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Stress response Gene expression !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXJ3VYW-1HRBJDB-1XT" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXJ3VYW-1HRBJDB-1XT" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 657: Line 675:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: TOR !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: TOR !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXHTLW8-1B40GF3-1JZ" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXHTLW8-1B40GF3-1JZ" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 668: Line 687:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: AGEs !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: AGEs !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HP3KDJYY-G6XGRB-3LD" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HP3KDJYY-G6XGRB-3LD" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 679: Line 699:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Body temperature !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Body temperature !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXG9W9R-1JTLKXZ-HR" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXG9W9R-1JTLKXZ-HR" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 690: Line 711:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: FOXO !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: FOXO !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXJHKNH-28WQ6SX-273" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXJHKNH-28WQ6SX-273" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 701: Line 723:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: PI3K !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: PI3K !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1NW92RWG7-18P1QCC-5LR" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1NW92RWG7-18P1QCC-5LR" style="display:none;">
 +
  
 
<h3>PI3K</h3>
 
<h3>PI3K</h3>
Line 706: Line 729:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Protein damage !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Protein damage !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HP3M58S7-1Z134DH-6J7" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HP3M58S7-1Z134DH-6J7" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 717: Line 741:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Adipocytes  !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Adipocytes  !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNZY7W1Z-LV4PP1-31G" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNZY7W1Z-LV4PP1-31G" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 728: Line 753:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: DNA repair inhibitors  (caffeine) !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: DNA repair inhibitors  (caffeine) !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNZWDYPQ-ZKDD1Z-1DK" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNZWDYPQ-ZKDD1Z-1DK" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 739: Line 765:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Diet and Life Span !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Diet and Life Span !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXFJLZK-2B7QP4C-5Z" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXFJLZK-2B7QP4C-5Z" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 750: Line 777:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Di- and tripeptides !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Di- and tripeptides !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXHBXCS-10BWYJ5-196" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXHBXCS-10BWYJ5-196" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 761: Line 789:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: PPARg !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: PPARg !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXHZ7NL-1D720MD-1PJ" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXHZ7NL-1D720MD-1PJ" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 772: Line 801:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Heavy metals !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Heavy metals !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNZWCZ4M-1R0QYJV-1BD" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNZWCZ4M-1R0QYJV-1BD" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 783: Line 813:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Resveratrol !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Resveratrol !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1NW94FWGQ-KVFH1F-5PM" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1NW94FWGQ-KVFH1F-5PM" style="display:none;">
 +
  
 
<h3>Resveratrol</h3>
 
<h3>Resveratrol</h3>
Line 788: Line 819:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Bioactive Compounds !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Bioactive Compounds !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXK2RMT-CMVF77-3HW" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXK2RMT-CMVF77-3HW" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 799: Line 831:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Folate, B12 !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Folate, B12 !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HP3L6LRL-1XN33M8-4J8" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HP3L6LRL-1XN33M8-4J8" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 810: Line 843:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Inflammation !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Inflammation !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HP3KFYDB-1X7L284-3NP" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HP3KFYDB-1X7L284-3NP" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 821: Line 855:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Autophagy !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Autophagy !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXHVS4F-1ZC62V6-1LC" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXHVS4F-1ZC62V6-1LC" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 832: Line 867:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Calorie restriction !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Calorie restriction !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXFMZT1-20V9HPV-9B" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXFMZT1-20V9HPV-9B" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 843: Line 879:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: SIRT1 !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: SIRT1 !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXGHD37-BN3L8T-MN" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXGHD37-BN3L8T-MN" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 854: Line 891:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Metabolism !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Metabolism !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXG8Q0V-1R7GGL1-FQ" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXG8Q0V-1R7GGL1-FQ" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 865: Line 903:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Free radicals !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Free radicals !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXGD796-1Q71GGZ-KQ" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXGD796-1Q71GGZ-KQ" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 876: Line 915:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Qualitative composition !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Qualitative composition !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXFP1F3-1P9TT6S-BP" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXFP1F3-1P9TT6S-BP" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 887: Line 927:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Glucose !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Glucose !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXHG44D-QTDX5-1DP" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXHG44D-QTDX5-1DP" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 898: Line 939:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Phosphor !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Phosphor !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HP3LZPWW-XQZ971-5WB" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HP3LZPWW-XQZ971-5WB" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 909: Line 951:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Vitamins !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Vitamins !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXK1MD5-87STT0-3GR" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXK1MD5-87STT0-3GR" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 920: Line 963:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Heat  Pathologies !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Heat  Pathologies !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HP3K7G4Y-SQCZ4L-3K1" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HP3K7G4Y-SQCZ4L-3K1" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 931: Line 975:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Antiaging !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Antiaging !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HNXJW6L2-295JPYH-2RY" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HNXJW6L2-295JPYH-2RY" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 942: Line 987:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Normalization of DNA Methylation level !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: Normalization of DNA Methylation level !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HP3L7WZ2-120WWL0-4KK" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HP3L7WZ2-120WWL0-4KK" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 953: Line 999:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: C, E !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: C, E !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HP3L6CF3-17XBRCZ-4HQ" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HP3L6CF3-17XBRCZ-4HQ" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  
Line 964: Line 1,011:
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: DNA damage  And mutations !Pop-up-->
 
</div>(...)<!--Pop-up for: DNA damage  And mutations !Pop-up-->
 
<div class="1HP3M66KZ-PZ3F77-6L0" style="display:none;">
 
<div class="1HP3M66KZ-PZ3F77-6L0" style="display:none;">
 +
  
  

Latest revision as of 10:26, 2 August 2015

This is a graph with borders and nodes. Maybe there is an Imagemap used so the nodes may be linking to some Pages.

Diet

Dietary restriction (DR), the limitation of food intake below the ad libidum level without malnutrition, can extend the mean and maximum lifespan in every organism in which it has been tested, including yeast, worms, flies and rodents. Caloric restriction is the only known non-genetic intervention that robustly extends lifespan in mammals. This regimen also attenuates the incidence and progression of many age-dependent pathologies. DR has also been shown in animal models to slow the progression of, or even prevent entirely, a range of age-dependent pathologies, including cardiovascular disease, multiple types of cancer, several neurodegenerative disorders and diabetes. Short term DR also reduces the risk of coronary disease and stroke in humans.

Numerous independent studies show that dietary restriction does not extend life span when sirtuins are deleted. This result has been shown in multiple organisms, from yeast to flies and even in mice. Moreover, deleting SIRT1, SIRT3, SIRT4, or SIRT5 abrogates various physiological aspects of dietary restriction and fasting, including longevity. In humans, there is also evidence that sirtuins may be involved in mediating the response to dietary restriction and increasing health span. For example, SIRT1 levels increase in humans practicing dietary restriction, and there are strong associations between alleles that increase SIRT1 expression and increased metabolic rate, as well as protection from type 2 diabetes.

People eat less and make different food choices, as they get older. However, lower food intake among the elderly has been associated with lower intakes of calcium, iron, zinc, B vitamins, and vitamin E. Low energy intakes or low nutrient density of the diet may increase the risk of diet-related illnesses. Older adults tend to consume less energy-dense sweets and fast foods, and consume more energy-dilute grains, vegetables, and fruits. Daily volume of foods and beverages also declines as a function of age. Age-related physiological changes of slower gastric emptying altered hormonal responses, decreased basal metabolic rate, and altered taste and smell may also contribute to lowered energy intake. Other factors, such as marital status, income, education, socioeconomic status, diet-related attitudes and beliefs, and convenience likely play a role as well. Many age-related nutritional problems may be remedied by providing nutrient-dense meals through home delivery or meal congregate programs.